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Deep Time


Continental Australia is home to rocks dating from 3,000 million years ago…


Take me there

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really heady mix


Add my latest read, "Deep Time  Dreaming",

The Gugger Documents & my background in writing


give it a good stir, a bit of a kick, three slices of hit-n-miss,

time to gestate and then ~ sit back to see what happens...

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250 years ago

232 years ago

186 years ago

183 years ago

182 years ago

160 years ago

Captain Cook first sighted Australia

in April 1770 

The "First Fleet" arrived in January, 1788

First British settlement in Victoria

was at Portland in1834

Foster Fyans established a camp in 1837

by the Moorabool river 

In the 1860s the Guggers arrived in Fyansford from Switzerland

Geelong was first surveyed in 1838

Australia’s human history began

60,000 years ago when a group

of voyagers travelled across vast seas

to a land where no hominid

had roamed before.

Hey! It was only so many years ago

















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Ca 3,000,000,000 years ago


According to Geoscience Australia our continent is a land of geological contradictions with some of the oldest features in the world alongside rocks which are in the process of formation. The continent is home to rocks dating from more than 3000 million years ago…

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Ca 2,000,000,000 years ago

Ca 1,000,000,000 years ago

 Ca 100,000,000 years ago

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Ca 1,000,000 years ago

Ca 750,000 years ago

Ca 500,000 years ago

Anchor 4

Ca 250,000 years ago

Shadow on Concrete Wall

Ca 100,000 years ago

Ca 90,000 years ago


Ca 80,000 years ago

Ca 70,000 years ago

Anchor 5

Ca 60,000 years ago


Australia’s human history began over 60,000 years ago.

The continent was discovered by a group of voyagers who travelled across a vast passage of water to a land where no hominid had roamed before. Over millennia, they explored and colonised every region, transforming the terrain as they moved, making the country their own through language, song and story. They harnessed flame to create new ecosystems, dug the earth to encourage crops, and built water controls to extend the natural range of their resources. They thrived in the extreme aridity of the central deserts and hunted in the glacier-filled gorges spreading from the Tasmanian ice cap. They enjoyed times of regional abundance, endured great droughts and adapted to millennia-long floods that saw the sea level rise about 125 metres. They watched territories disappear, lakes dry, volcanoes erupt, dune-fields form and species come and go. Theirs is a remarkable story or transformation and resilience. Perhaps a billion people have lived in Australia, historian and archaeologist John Mulvaney estimated to Arrernte filmmaker Rachel Perkins in the early 2000s. I remember his eyes twinkling,’ Perkins recalls, as they observed me grappling with the project to which he had given his life: understanding the depth of Australia’s humanity.’

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Ca 50,000 - 60,000 years ago


Give or take a few years



Many Aboriginal Australians would say with conviction that they have always been here as their ancestors and traditional learnings tell them of this history, and their precise place within it.

It would seem from a review of the scientific evidence that for all practical purposes, this is indeed the case with the first peoples’ ancestors arriving around 50-60,000 years ago – effectively forever, given that modern human populations only moved out of Africa 50,000-55,000 years ago.


The Conversation

Anchor 6

Ca 25,000 years ago


Ca 1,000 years ago

Ca 500 years ago

Ca 400 years ago

Ca 300 years ago

Anchor 7

250 years ago

E. Phillips Fox, Landing of Captain Cook
The Founding of Australia 1788', by Alge



The first voyage of James Cook was a combined Royal Navy and Royal Society expedition to the south Pacific Ocean aboard HMS Endeavour, commencing in 1768. The ship's log recorded that Cook first sighted the Australian mainland near present-day Point Hicks at 6 a.m. on Thursday 19, April 1770. 


James Cook and crew made their first contact with the Gweagal Aborigines, on 29 April, landing in an inlet initially called "Sting-Ray Harbour" after the many such creatures found there. This was later changed to "Botanist Bay” and finally Botany Bay after the unique specimens retrieved by the botanists at the location.

Anchor 8

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson,January 26, 1788


The first settlement, at Sydney, consisted of about 850 convicts and their Marine guards and officers, led by Governor Arthur Phillip. They arrived at Botany Bay in the "First Fleet" of 9 transport ships accompanied by 2 small warships, in January, 1788.


The First Fleet entering Port Jackson,January 26, 1788

The British colony of New South Wales was established in 1788 as a penal colony. After the American War of Independence, Britain, in a time of social upheaval at the beginnings of massive agricultural, industrial and social change, was faced with overcrowded prisons and prison ships and no suitable destination to transport their convicts Lieutenant James Cook's discovery and annexation for Britain of the east coast of Australia in 1770, now aroused new interest. For this and for related strategic and commercial reasons, the British government decided, to embark on the new settlement project.

The first settlement, at Sydney, consisted of about 850 convicts and their Marine guards and officers, led by Governor Arthur Phillip. They arrived at Botany Bay in the "First Fleet" of 9 transport ships accompanied by 2 small warships, in January, 1788. Finding the area unsuitable for settlement, they actually settled at Sydney Cove in Port Jackson (or Sydney Harbour as it is better known) on January 26.

232 years ago

Anchor 9


Victoria's first successful British settlement was at Portland, on the west coast of what is now Victoria. Portland was settled on 19 November 1834 by the Henty family, who were originally farmers from Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania). When Major Thomas Mitchell led an expedition to the region from Sydney in 1835, arriving at Portland in August 1836, he was surprised to find a small but prosperous community living off the fertile farmland.

186 years ago

The Leader, Melbourne, 1887 First farmin

The Leader, Melbourne, 1887 First farming in Victoria

Anchor 10



Fyans ford, located at the junction of  Barwon and Moorabool rivers on the western edge of Geelong, was named after Captain Foster Fyans who came to Geelong as a Police magistrate in October, 1837.

Fyans established his police camp near to where the Moorabool river could be forded — giving the name Fyan's Ford. Over the early years it gained prominence as a stopping-off point on the route from Geelong to the Western district and the Ballarat gold fields. It also became a commercial and farming hub with orchards, vineyards, vegetable gardens and grazing properties abounding. Modern day Fyans ford was one of the earliest places of settlement in the Geelong region.

The first wooden bridge was built by the Corio and Bannockburn Shire councils in 1854. It was tolled until 1877. It was in poor condition by 1898, with load restrictions being put into place. A new bridge was built nearby in 1900 by John Monash and J. T. N. Anderson, the three-arch bridge being the largest Monier reinforced concrete bridge in the world at the time. In 1970 a new bridge was built on the site of the old wooden bridge to cater for heavier traffic on the Hamilton Highway. The older Monier remained for pedestrian usage.

183 years ago

Original timber bridge across the Moorab
Anchor 11

182 years ago


Geelong, a port city located on Corio Bay and the Barwon River, in the state of VictoriaAustralia, 75 kilometres (47 mi) south-west of the state capital, Melbourne, is the second largest Victorian city, with an estimated urban population of 200,474 (June, 2020). The area was first surveyed in 1838, three weeks after Melbourne. The post office was open by June 1840. Geelong was proclaimed a city in 1910. 

Depiction of early Geelong as a small co

Depiction of early Geelong as a small collection of houses and paddocks by the bay State Library of Victoria

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160 years ago

The Swiss Connection

Charles Joseph La Trobe, CB (20 March 1801 – 4 December 1875), was appointed in 1839 superintendent of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales and, after the establishment in 1851 of the colony of Victoria, he became its first lieutenant-governor. On 4 February 1839 he was appointed superintendent of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales. La Trobe sailed into Sydney on 26 July 1839, with his wife, Sophie de Montmollin (1835–1854) and 2-year-old daughter.

Sophie La Trobe was a member of two prominent patrician families in the canton of Neuchâtel, on the French border of Switzerland. She was born in 1810  and lived with her family in Neuchâtel until she married Charles Joseph La Trobe in nearby Berne in 1835.

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It was under the patronage of Governor LaTrobe that the Gugger family found its way from Switzerland to Fyansford, Australia. And, so began the story of the Guggers and The Gugger Documents

Sophie de Montmollin

Swiss vinyard.jpg
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I love it when others contribute this page


Thanks, Rod Morrison! Perhaps not a deep time perspective but definitely from back then...

From Rod Morrison2.jpg
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